The University of Arizona

Treatment Modalities and Treatment Settings for Illicit Drug Abuse
Pharmacological Treatments :

Pharmacological treatment is not ordinarily indicated for patients with methamphetamine or cocaine dependence. In addition, no pharmacotherapies have FDA indications for the treatment of methamphetamine or cocaine.[1] Pharmacological treatments which include opioid agonists and opioid antagonists, however, are commonly used to address heroin and other opioid dependence. (An opioid agonist is a drug that has a similar action to morphine. An opioid antagonist blocks or otherwise counteracts the physiological and/or subjective reinforcing effects of an opioid.)



  • (1) American Psychiatric Association. Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Substance Use Disorders. Arlington, VA: APA; 2007 Apr. Report No.: 164.